CBD Oil For Treating Glaucoma

What Is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is an eye disease that causes degeneration of the optic nerve. The optic nerve serves as the main nerve of our eyes and contributes to the function of vision. If left untreated, glaucoma can lead to permanent vision loss. The illness is likely to be hereditary and would possibly occur when the person has reached its adulthood. Intraocular pressure or IOP is the impairment of your optic nerves, which are nerves that transmit images to the brain from the retina. Glaucoma is a serious illness and can cause permanent loss of eyesight when left untreated for a long time.

Cause Of Glaucoma:

Glaucoma basically results from damage to the optic nerve. This is contributed majorly by the elevated pressure in the eye or the intraocular pressure. This, in turn, might be due to any blockage in the draining eye ducts, narrowing of the angle between the iris and the cornea, or due to degenerative changes. So, anything that increases the intraocular pressure leads to glaucoma.

The build-up of aqueous humor, a fluid that circulates around your eye, is the cause of the elevated eye pressure. The aqueous humor commonly emptied through the trabecular meshwork, a tissue found on the base of the cornea, to the intersection between iris and cornea. The right amount of aqueous humor is necessary for it to properly drain to the trabecular meshwork. When the fluid is overproduced, it will not drain properly, and the fluid is not released at a certain rate which makes the eye increase in pressure.

Another cause of glaucoma is that it’s genetic. There are people who were found to have increased eye pressure and damage in optic nerves that are acquired genetically.

Symptoms Of Glaucoma:

Symptoms of glaucoma normally appear later in life or when it is already severe and when their peripheral vision is not functioning. Even the loss of peripheral vision is not noticed until the illness has progressed even further. Some of the following symptoms may be experienced by the patients suffering from Glaucoma:

  • Blurred vision in one or both eyes
  • Eye redness
  • Severe headache
  • Pain in eyeballs
  • The appearance of colored halos around bright light
  • Tunnel vision
  • Nausea and vomiting accompanying headache
  • Sudden loss of vision

Types Of Glaucoma:

Glaucoma is classified into three types.

Open-Angle Glaucoma

This type of glaucoma is considered as the most common type and its effects and progression increase gradually and slowly. This type of glaucoma is painless enough which makes the illness unnoticeable and could go on untreated for years. In some cases, symptoms have been noticed and the illness has done so much damage already.

This type of glaucoma normally occurs to patients that are over 50 years old. There are no known forms of treatment for this illness. Surgery and medication may help slow down its progression. This is due to the blockage of draining ducts, which results in a decreased outflow of the fluid from the eye, leading to increased intraocular pressure.

Closed Angle Glaucoma

This type of glaucoma causes the intraocular pressure in your eye to spike up. The pressure increases from normal to its heightened state in just a few hours. The IOP increases suddenly when there is an overproduction of aqueous humor, which makes the trabecular meshwork not drain the fluid properly. Closed-angle glaucoma is not a very common type unlike other types of glaucoma. This is due to the bowing forward of iris reducing its angle with the trabecular meshwork.

Normal Tension Glaucoma

This is rather different from the two types. This results due to direct optic nerve damage due to various diseases. Thus, in this condition, the intraocular pressure remains normal.

Risk Factors For Glaucoma:

There are many causes that may affect intraocular pressure. Among multiple risk factors causing glaucoma, some of them are:

  • Prolonged use of steroids
  • Uveitis
  • Positive family history of glaucoma
  • Diseases that cause a decreased flow of blood e.g. central retinal vein occlusion etc
  • Trauma

Cannabinoids And Glaucoma

With their increasing use in a variety of medical diseases, cannabis has also shown marked benefit in the treatment of glaucoma. According to studies, our eye has CB1 receptors that relate to the body’s Endocannabinoid system. This system is responsible for the body’s homeostasis. Cannabis acts on our body by binding to these receptors. Their abundance in the eye makes feasible grounds for CBD to treat glaucoma. The mechanism of actions with which CBD treats glaucoma are as follows:

Reduces Intraocular Pressure:

The presence of CB1 receptors in the ocular tissues help to regulate the production and outflow of the aqueous humor. This thus regulates the intraocular pressure.

Neuroprotective Action:

Among the final stages of glaucoma, is also present the process of apoptosis, which leads to the death of the retinal ganglion cells. This ultimately causes blindness. Since CBD has neuroprotective effects, it prevents this process, and hence, decreases the chance of death of the retinal ganglion cells.

Miotic:

Patients suffering from glaucoma also face a condition called Mydriasis, which means dilatation of the eye pupil. Increased dilatation may lead to further blockage of the ducts. Thus, CBD is used as a Miotic, which constricts the pupil and allows fluid adequate drainage.

Analgesic:

Although glaucoma is usually painless, in closed-angle glaucoma, patients suffer from a stabbing pain in the eyeball. This may also be treated with the consumption of CBD as it makes a great analgesic.

Anti-Inflammatory:

Since chronic cases of glaucoma are characterized by continuous minimal inflammation of the trabecular meshwork, the disease may get treated by CBD due to its promising role as an anti-inflammatory.

With their increasing use in a variety of medical diseases, cannabis has also shown marked benefit in the treatment of glaucoma. According to studies, our eye has CB1 receptors that relate to the body’s Endocannabinoid system. This system is responsible for the body’s homeostasis. Cannabis acts on our body by binding to these receptors. Their abundance in the eye makes feasible grounds for CBD to treat glaucoma. The mechanism of actions with which CBD treats glaucoma are as follows:

Reduces Intraocular Pressure:

The presence of CB1 receptors in the ocular tissues help to regulate the production and outflow of the aqueous humor. This thus regulates the intraocular pressure.

Neuroprotective Action:

Among the final stages of glaucoma, is also present the process of apoptosis, which leads to the death of the retinal ganglion cells. This ultimately causes blindness. Since CBD has neuroprotective effects, it prevents this process, and hence, decreases the chance of death of the retinal ganglion cells.

Miotic:

Patients suffering from glaucoma also face a condition called Mydriasis, which means dilatation of the eye pupil. Increased dilatation may lead to further blockage of the ducts. Thus, CBD is used as a Miotic, which constricts the pupil and allows fluid adequate drainage.

Analgesic:

Although glaucoma is usually painless, in closed-angle glaucoma, patients suffer from a stabbing pain in the eyeball. This may also be treated with the consumption of CBD as it makes a great analgesic.

Anti-Inflammatory:

Since chronic cases of glaucoma are characterized by continuous minimal inflammation of the trabecular meshwork, the disease may get treated by CBD due to its promising role as an anti-inflammatory.

Canasol – CBD Eye Drops For Glaucoma::

Canasol is the product name of Ganja-derived CBD eye drops for glaucoma, that are commercially available. Doctors say that the medication is non-psychoactive, and also highly effective in curing glaucoma. The product is present in Jamaica at the present but is in high demand owing to its benefits.

Conclusion:

The use of CBD or Canasol for the treatment of Glaucoma is highly recommended for it has proven to be beneficial in many cases due to its vast therapeutic effects in terms of this disease.